Heart and cardiology centers should provide a wide range of diagnostic and treatment options. This could, and likely should, include the following. 

Non-invasive cardiology 

  • SPECT imaging  
  • 2D-M-mode and color flow doppler echocardiography  
  • Transesophageal echocardiography  
  • Thallium stress testing  
  • Gated cardiac stress testing  
  • Holter monitoring  
  • Electrocardiography  
  • Signal average electrocardiography  
  • Carotid ultrasound testing  
  • Pharmacological stress testing  
  • Arterial evaluation of upper/lower extremities utilizing doppler, segmental pressures and PPG 

Invasive cardiology 

  • Cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography  
  • Intra-aortic balloon insertion and counter- pulsation  
  • Carotid angiography to include intracranial circulation  
  • Thoracic aortography  
  • Renal aortography  
  • Peripheral arteriography including run-off studies of the legs  
  • Overdrive implantation 
  • Venography of extremities  
  • Pacemaker insertions 

Peripheral vascular intervention 

  • Balloon angioplasty (only available at Seven Rivers within Citrus County)  
  • Intravascular stent placement (only available at Seven Rivers within Citrus County)  
  • Carotid endarterectomy  
  • Carotid patch angioplasty  
  • Aortic bifemoral bypass  
  • Femoral/femoral bypass  
  • Femoral/popliteal bypass (RSVG)  
  • Femorotibial bypass 
  • Saphenectomy (only available at Seven Rivers within Citrus County)  
  • Greenfield venous cavity filter placement